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International Laws on Governance of Global Commons: Relevance for Bangladesh

Cdre Md Atiqur Rahman, (G), NPP, afwc, psc, BN
Bangladesh Navy

Keywords: International, Law, Ocean, Governance, Global, Commons,


Hugo Grotius, the father of international law, pioneered codifying laws on global commons in the 17th century and advocated global commons as common goods which was regarded as the heritage of mankind. The common resources are being explored on a ‘first come first serve’ basis as it was properties for all mankind. In modern days’ countries are increasingly getting involved in global commons resources. However, developed countries are arguably more capable than developing countries of exploring and exploiting common resources. United Nations, the regulatory body of the global commons, aims for the equitable sharing of resources for all humankind in light of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  But the fact is, the Least Developed and most of the Developing countries find it challenging to engage in global commons. The study is based on content analysis. ‘The first come, first served’ policy of the United Nations allows the powerful countries to explore global commons with their technology, funds, and expertise. On the other hand, developing countries sometimes suffer from a double-edged sword as a victim of over-exploitation. Moreover, the new world order of multipolar political alignment after the Ukraine War became more challenging for state policy formulation. In this situation, organizations like the UN need to play a vital role in ensuring equitable share for the well-being of all humankind and protection from the curse of over-exploitation. Global commons exploitation and over-exploitation are highly relevant for Bangladesh to secure its economic, social, and environmental interests.  Against this backdrop, this study examines the importance of a global commons governance system to ensure equitable share of resources for developing countries like Bangladesh.  The study reveals that global commons are important for both the development and sustenance of a country like Bangladesh, as such, Bangladesh should strategize engagement in global commons governance with and for the development of the overall economy.


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International Laws on Governance of Global Commons: Relevance for Bangladesh